Tuesday, August 18, 2015

Women's Suffrage & the Nineteenth Amendment

The Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution
The National Archives

The right of citizens of the United States to vote
shall not be denied or abridged
by the United States or by any state
on account of sex.

Congress shall have power
to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.


Passed by Congress on 4 June 1919, the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution, guaranteeing to women the right to vote, was ratified on 18 August 1920.

Monday, August 17, 2015

In Memoriam: Julian Bond (1940–2015)

Jim Obergefell, Pamela Horowitz & Julian Bond
At the Supreme Court on the morning of  Oral Argument
in 
Obergefell v. Hodges (and consolidated cases), the marriage equality cases.
Washington, DC (28 April 2015)

Julian Bond, an essential part of the Civil Rights movement, died on Sunday. The obituary in The New York Times, Julian Bond, Charismatic Civil Rights Leader, Dies at 75, offers a sense of Mr Bond's extraordinary life.

I was at the Supreme Court on 28 April 2015, the morning the Court heard oral argument in Obergefell v. Hodges, the marriage equality cases, and shot the photograph (above) of Mr Bond and Pamela Horowitz, his wife, who were standing in line and talking with Mr Obergefell.

Thursday, August 6, 2015

The Voting Rights Act at 50

The first page of the Voting Rights Act of 1965


On 6 August 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.

Watch President Johnson's "The American Promise" speech, delivered to Congress on 15 March 1965, days after violence in Alabama against peaceful civil rights advocates marching to dramatize the desire to vote and the need for voting rights, asking the Congress to enact a voting rights law.

With Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., looking on (right), President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act of 1965 in the President's Room at the United States Capital. Photo: Yoichi Okamoto. Source: LBJ Presidential Library.